17 June World Day to Combat Desertification 2014
On June 17th World Day to Combat Desertification; it is stated that every year 12 million hectares of land become Deserts., annual loss to the economy caused by Land degradation and desertification is said to be $ 42 billion.
TEMA Foundation drew attention to the importance of soil, how soil is affected by climate change and emergency in addressing, combating desertification and drought on June 17 Day to Combat Desertification.
Around the world about 1.5 billion people are livelihood degrading land also 42 percent of the World’s poorest population live in already degraded land. 52 percent of agricultural land is said to be located either in intermediate or severe degraded land. in degraded condition. Although Desertification, land degradation and drought seems to affect mostly rural populations it also effects of rising food prices and who lives in cities. First time in the world history, the urban population exceeds population.
The city dwellers have no share in the food production and are distinct consumers and these people are very fragile against the increasing food prices which are related to the climate change and desertification. The fact that in the year 2010, more than 44 million people, the majority of which were living in big cities, were forced to live with deep poverty and under the hunger limits, due to the increased food prices is shown as an example. At this point, we face the concept of ecosystem based adaptation. This concept is based on adaptation and taking counter measures against contributing desertification and the global warming. Policies like sustainable soil management, greenhouse gas emission mutigation strategies reinforcement of biological diversity and ecosystems and local adaptation strategies directed to people are very much taken under consideration.
Ecosystem based adaptation has a high efficiency potential With the help of ecosystem based adaptation, by the year 2030, it is estimated that food production can be increased by 50 %; the increase will be 45 % for energy and 30 % for water resources. The low cost management systems related with ecosystem related adaptation strategies have high efficiency potential. The correct manipulation and supervision of livestock production, enables the sustainability of meadows and pastures. Healthy soil, in addition to sustained food production, also increases the resistance to natural disasters that are related to climate change. UNCCD (1), with the slogan “Land Belongs to the Future – Let’s Climate Proof It! (2)” specified as the slogan for the Year 2014 World Day to Combat Desertification is trying to show the relation between soil and climate change. As TEMA Foundation, we want to emphasize that healthy life is possible only on healthy soil. We are making a call to the decision makers that while we are trying to adapt to the effects of climate change, healthy soil will be the guarantee for the possibility of sustainable life.
1. UNCCD: United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
2. The original motto: Land Belongs to the Future, Let’s Climate Proof It